Gerbil, a nice animal, even domestic, which if it were better known would certainly become synonymous with curiosity. It noses everywhere and in the true sense of the term, is small in size and sneaks quite easily where it wants. He is not a brave animal, the gerbil loves to observe and evaluate what to do from time to time when he is faced with something new. He hardly ever bites, because he is not scared, he has few opportunities to do so since he is tremendously cautious. At most we can catch this animal in a moment of turmoil, and we'll see it then get up on your hind legs and hit your feet on the ground. He actually does so to warn his gerbil friends that there is a potential danger.
Mammal belonging to the order of rodents and to Cricetidae family, the gerbil in Latin is called Unguiculatus Meriones, it is small in size: it measures about 12 cm in length, to which to add the thing of 6 - 12 cm, weighs from 52 to 133 grams and females are usually lighter.
The head is broad but short, the particularly sharp muzzle and the ears are so small that they are almost not even seen, covered by fur. Both male and female gerbils possess a gland called Harderian which allows them to spread their smell on objects or other animals, through a substance rich in pheromones.
The most suitable to be kept at home is the Mongolian gerbil, for this reason it is also one of the best known. However, this rodent also lives in other areas, and has assumed different characteristics as the climatic and environmental conditions vary. We find it usually in arid, barren and sandy areas such as the steppe, both in Asia and Africa, both in Russia and then in Iran, Turkey, Sri Lanka, India, North China.
The variety that lives in Mongolia is also suitable for being indoors, both because of the size, both for the character and the ability to acclimatize to non-steppe climates. He has a nice disposition and is very intelligent, as a friend to keep in the apartment he is especially suitable for those who want a lively and constant company, it takes time to take care of it, much more than a cat, for example, can take. On average a gerbil in the house lives 3 years, it can even reach 5 if well kept and healthy.
The price of an example can start from 10 euros and go up, but when evaluating the purchase, let's not forget that gerbils must always be taken in pairs.
The coat of this rodent is dark. The dorsal hairs have a gray base, one central yellow band and black tips so the effect is dark even if you see that it has no black fur, plus the belly is beige or white. The part where the fur is black are the claws. To the touch it is silky and shiny due to an oil emitted by a gland on the belly.
Accustomed to the steppe of Mongolia, he perfectly knows how to get by in environments with extremely harsh and harsh climates. In its areas it does not have many natural enemies except the birds of prey from which it escapes by jumping easily and hiding. Or digging, because they are excellent diggers these rodents, able to build immense underground tunnels with rooms and corridors.
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Better than the cage it is the terrarium for this animals, given how much they dig and could dirty everywhere. The basis of their "home" must be at least 30 x 60 centimeters but if you consider a couple with a couple of children, it is better to immediately provide a cage that is 40 x 100 centimeters and height over 30. Let's remember never to keep a gerbil alone in a cage but let's calm down with regards to cleaning operations, they will make very little stool and also very dry.
It is very similar to that of hamsters: a mix of seeds, grains and nuts. From time to time we can spoil them with diced vegetables but without exaggerating so as not to cause bouts of diarrhea. We can use apples, carrots, chicory, cucumber, bananas, also love dry bread.
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