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The May, 20th and the World Bee Day. Not all animals have a dedicated world day, bees deserve it, not only for the sweetness they give us for their honey. This anniversary, in fact, is important because it must remind us of the situation in which these animals live and theimpact that human activities have on these insects. Let's go and see how bees are in the world and what is being done to save them.
World Bee Day: goals
This is celebrated every year on May 20 international day, launched with the intention of raising public awareness of the importance of pollinators for Sustainable Development and inform everyone about the threats they face more every day, as our planet becomes increasingly polluted.
Bees are not only honey producers but they make a big contribution to reproduction of plants and many food crops. This therefore means that, together with other pollinators, these insects also affect what we eat. Yet they are threatened by the activities of the man who kills them with the pesticides or by modifying the use of the land, thus depriving them of the substances they usually eat. Whole bee colonies can be destroyed, a tragedy for the planet, including humans.
In recent years there has often been talk of the disappearance of bees from some areas of the Earth and this theme has also been taken to heart by theUnited Nations Organization.The objectives of the World bee day. First of all, it was called to draw the attention of the world population and politicians to the need to protect bees, also because we depend on these small animals.
Saving bees is also a way to stop biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. Bees are connected to cultivation, therefore to amount of food that can be produced on earth to feed those who live there. Saving them and allowing them to continue doing their work therefore means trying to feed the greatest number of people adequately, even in countries where hunger is a major problem.
World Bee Day: history
The bee emergency has been identified in recent years, so this world day has existed for very little time, precisely since 2017. The United Nations General Assembly has chosen 20 May precisely because it is the date of birth of Anton Janša (1734-1773). His is not a well-known name, but this Slovenian has done a lot for bees. He was a pioneer of modern beekeeping techniques in his native country and already understood the crucial importance of these insects for the life of the planet and man.
World Bee Day: emergency
Let's see some numbers of the emergency we talked about. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (Fao) for food and agriculture parish extinction levels, for bees, 100 to 1000 times higher than normal. This death is mainly related to human actions and the use and abuse of pesticides in agriculture. Yet we should be the first to look after the health of these animals as about 75% of food crops depend on pollinators like them.
Given that the situation shows no signs of improvement, this year, on the occasion of World Bee Day, some representatives of Member States of the European Union they will meet to discuss the implementation of the standards for the evaluation of toxicity, or the Bee Guidance Document developed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This 2013 document contains the proposal for more adequate and precautionary protocols in case of evaluation of the authorization of new molecules and which have not yet been adopted throughout Europe. There are some countries where you pretend to take precautions but in fact not much is done because there are so many interests at stake.
EFSA has fully applied the new rules only in the evaluation of the three neonicotinoids (imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiamethoxam), banned in European Union in 2018. So far, European national governments have not applied EFSA guidelines in all other decisions regarding pesticides.
World Bee Day: initiatives
In this rather gloomy picture, however, interesting initiatives are flourishing, such as that of Slow Food which launched the international campaign "Slow Bees" with the aim of defending pollinators and raising awareness of the threats affecting bees, other pollinating insects, plants and biodiversity.
Going concretely, on this day, the activists, the community and the Slow Food Conduct they will plant organic flowering shrubs or trees to offer to bees a pesticide-free food. This initiative is open to all inhabitants of the planet, everyone can participate by planting organic flowers and trees and sharing their friendly action on social networks with hashtags #onetreeforahive, #plantoneforpollinators and #slowtreesforbees.
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