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Spirea: characteristics and properties

Spirea: characteristics and properties


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Known more for its properties than for its flowers Spirea, also called Filipendula ulmaria, is a plant of the Rosaceae family. Let's get to know its appearance and also the occasions in which to use it since it can boast important anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties. It can also serve those who suffer from joint pains and frequent fevers.

Spirea: characteristics

This plant comes to us fromSouth - Eastern Asia and is often used in gardens for ornamental purposes because it forms very pleasant bushes and hedges that can reach up to two meters in height. It has the appearance of a shrub, with thin stems and not too rich in branches. Its leaves are not very large, have a lanceolate or lobed shape, are often endowed with small and are deciduous.

The most beautiful part of this plant, as is often the case, are the flowers, whether they are white or pink. Although small, they make a certain scene because they are gathered in umbrellas that make the bush almost a white, or pink, fluffy spot.

This plant also produces i fruits but they are small capsules that the eye struggles to grasp, they come after the fruits that sprout in spring.

Spirea: habitat

This plant has been cultivated in Europe for several years, even though it is native to water. Already from the nineteenth century it was much loved and used, in Italy its presence is reported in 1839 and in 1928 we find it growing spontaneously on the banks of Lake Maggiore. Over the years it has even become invasive and infesting, at least in some areas of our country, those in the north such as Lombardy, Piedmont, Trentino and Friuli. We can also find it in Alto Adige and Veneto but to a lesser extent disturbing and pervasive. It is so "stubborn" in taking its space because of its seeds which are persistent in the soil and not at all easy to eliminate to make room for native vegetation.

Spirea: cultivation

There are, also in Italy, many varieties of spirea and many hybrids, almost all used for ornamental purposes both in large gardens and in parks, especially to form hedges or bushes that fill corners or intersections. Given the pervasiveness of this plant, it is important to evaluate its insertion in a prudent and careful way.

The favorite positions of this plant are the sunny ones, which allow it to to bloom generously. It does not require a lot of water and adapts to any terrain, withstands various types of climate, both too hot and too cold.

When it blooms in spring, if it can, it should be pruned immediately if it has i white flowers, if they are pink, the best time to act may be the beginning of spring or even the end of winter. The multiplication of this plant can take place through various methods including the division of the tufts, by cuttings or by offshoots.

Spirea: properties

We have only briefly touched upon the important points of this bush which until now we have portrayed as invasive and not always welcome. On the other hand, it is very useful for various people who suffer for example from joint pain or frequent febrile states. In herbal medicine we often find flowers used thanks to their anti-inflammatory, diuretic and antispasmodic properties. In his phytocomplex we find salicylic derivatives known thanks to acetylsalicylic acid, the active ingredient of aspirin, flavonoids, vitamin C, essential oils and mineral salts.

Let's see how the Spirea. It is able to inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins that usually cause pain and inflammation of the tissues so it is used if there is a fever or if someone suffers from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain, headache, toothache, back pain and cervical.

One of the advantages that this plant can boast and that make it preferable to other remedies for the same ailments is that it has no side effects that affect the stomach and digestion as it happens with some drugs.

We find the Spirea also used on other occasions, for example in the treatment of water retention and edema and as a diuretic because it promotes the elimination of metabolic waste that poison us.

Spirea: how to use it

To take on the Spirea, the most practical and economical way are the infusions that must be prepared with hot water but never boiling due to the presence of salicylic acid which is destroyed at high temperatures. Take a tablespoon of dried spirea in its flowering parts and infuse it in a cup of water for ten minutes. It is an excellent remedy for joint pain, flu or inflammatory states.

There is an alternative which consists of capsules with dry extract. They are usually taken before main meals.
In general, there are no major contraindications for this plant which is however not recommended for those who lose blood, it is better not to take the infusion or the Pstra hypersensitivity capsules.acetylsalicylic acid. Even those who are being treated with cardioaspirin or anticoaguer avoid that the effect of these drugs is exaggeratedly enhanced.

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Video: Best Performing Shrubs in my Garden (July 2022).


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