The mulberry tree it is not a rare tree, it can happen frequently to meet it in gardens and parks, but also in green areas covered by fields and meadows. It is a plant that has been studied and cultivated since ancient times, has always been liked and still today can count on a considerable popularity. Let's see its characteristics and how to successfully cultivate it.
It is often referred to as one generous plant, the mulberry, a plant with multiple uses and many properties. Let's start with the leaves, for example, which among other things represent the main food of silkworms, and are therefore very important in silkworms. There are also i fruits that are tempting. These are tender, sweet and vitamin-rich fruits, we can eat them both fresh, just picked, and dried, at our choice. They are anyway very nutritious and tasty.
Returning to the leaves, beyond their being food for worms, they are also very popular because of the shade they make. The thick and wide hair ofmulberry tree it is in fact able to create vast shaded areas which are also useful for growing smaller flowers and plants that do not like direct sunlight aimed at them in a too aggressive and continuous way. We can find thecultivated mulberry tree, but also grown spontaneously, often and willingly near rivers and waterways, but even in poor and arid soils.
White mulberry tree
Belonging to the genus Morus, of the Moraceae family, the mulberry tree exists in three different main species: there is the Morus nigra, the Morus alba and the Morus rubra. These three mulberry varieties are much better named as, respectively, Black mulberry, White mulberry is Red mulberry. As we can guess from the names, the difference between the three species lies in the color but not in the color of the flowers, but in that of the fruits. When, after the inflorescences, you go to create the fruit, the mulberry, the white one will produce white blackberries, the red one, pink blackberries, the black one of blackberries of a very dark color that is strange to see them like this. They are all three of the sweet and juicy blackberries, which are very popular.
Mulberry tree: cultivation
The mulberry tree is a tree in all respects robust and able to withstand temperatures and drought even if it is a bit painful at first. If we follow its growth starting from its birth we must take into account that in the first years of life, once buried in the form of young plant, requires many watering in particular in the period from the beginning of spring to the end of summer.
After three or four years, or when the plant begins to produce its fruits, you can move on to less pressing rhythms. This means that watering must no longer be frequent but periodic, always paying attention to the summer season. When it is very hot, especially in our area, it is good to pay attention that our mulberry is guaranteed there'Necessary water supply for its dense foliage to grow and for its tasty blackberries to grow healthy.
In general, the mulberry tree it is not a difficult tree to grow and it also knows how to adapt to surrounding environmental conditions that are not optimal. This is the reason why it is a very widespread plant, which takes root and gives its fruits in any soil. Of course it is up to us to put it in the best conditions that can favor its growth and, above all, the fruit production. One of the first favorable conditions for growth is the planting carried out in the winter phase, in a sunny position.
This is for the good of the mulberry tree, for our good, however, it is better to remember the fruits and the effect they have when they fall: they get very dirty. That's why I suggest you not to place mulberry trees too close to homes, paths or spaces where we would have the pleasure of stopping without being invaded by ripe blackberries falling from its branches.
Mulberry plant pruning
Grown in parks and gardens, this plant is often chosen for its beautiful shade also to stay in the enclosures where animals are kept because it gives them shade. It is a robust plant but also very vigorous in growth so it is necessary to keep it at bay with pruning. Already from the second year from planting it is necessary to proceed in this direction and the most suitable period to do so is the end of winter, when the tree is in a dormant phase and the emission of latex during the cuts is lower. Pruning this plant in the vegetative stage would lead to weakening it.
Mulberry tree: most common diseases and remedies
Sturdy and resistant, generous and adaptable, themulberry tree he is not the victim of a large number of diseases but of some yes. For example of a very common disease, the Mycosphaerella morifolia, known as "fersa of the mulberry tree". This pathology can even cause the plant to weaken and even die, it is a fungal disease that manifests itself with dark spots on the leaves, petioles and even on the fruits.
The incurrence of the fersa of the mulberry tree it is encouraged by warm temperatures, accompanied by a lot of humidity. What to do to remedy? Once they have fallen, collect the leaves and burn them, also proceeding with spraying Bordeaux mixture, the fungicide fungicide for agricultural use, based on copper sulphate.
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